When Mississippi gained statehood in 1817, it decided to use the seal that it had been using since 1798 when Mississippi was still a territory. And even today, this is Mississippi's Great Seal.
The design of the seal is based upon the American eagle of the national arms.
The eagle is proudly positioned in the center of the seal, with its wings spread wide and its head held high. A bunting of stars and stripes adorns its chest. In its talons, the eagle grasps an olive branch symbolizing a desire for peace and a quiver of arrows representing the power to wage war.
The outer circle of the seal holds the words "The Great Seal of the State of Mississippi".
On April 3, 2014, Governor Phil Bryant signed Senate Bill No. 2681, referred to as the Mississippi Religious Freedom Restoration Act.
As part of a Senate amendment, a section of that bill added the words "In God We Trust" to the bottom of the Great Seal of the State of Mississippi in place of the star as shown to the left. "In God We Trust" is bracketed by a single star on the left and a single star on the right.
Excerpts pertaining to the change to the Great Seal of the State of Mississippi are reproduced below.
SECTION 2. It shall be the duty of the Secretary of State to 88 procure the official seal of this state as described in this 89 section.
The center of the seal shall have an eagle displayed proper, 91 holding an olive branch in his dexter talon and a bundle of three 92 (3) arrows in his sinister talon. The shield on the breast of the 93 eagle shall have eleven (11) vertical stripes of alternating white and red, supporting a chief of blue with eleven (11) white 95 five-pointed stars in two (2) rows with five (5) stars in each row 96 and one (1) star centered over the third column.
The margins dexter and sinister of the center point of the 98 shield shall each have one (1) white five-pointed star. The 99 margin over the eagle shall have the inscription "THE GREAT SEAL 100 OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI." The margin under the eagle shall 101 have the inscription "IN GOD WE TRUST."
The official seal need not be printed or otherwise displayed 103 in color.
SECTION 3. All state agencies shall continue to use 105 stationery and other supplies having the great seal thereon as it 106 existed before July 1, 2014, until such stationery and other 107 supplies are depleted. The great seal as it existed before July 108 1, 2014, affixed on any public buildings, property or any other 109 item shall remain thereon until the replacement of the seal due to 110 normal wear or until replacement with any nonpublic funds.
SECTION 4. The 1818 Mississippi Laws, Act of January 19, 112 1818, Page 142, which provided for the description of the seal of 113 the state, is hereby repealed.
SECTION 5. This act shall take effect and be in force from 115 and after July 1, 2014.
The following information was excerpted from the Mississippi Code Of 1972 Unannotated, Title 7, Chapter 1, Section 7-1-9. It does not reflect the 2014 legislation.
TITLE 7. EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT
CHAPTER 1. GOVERNOR
Miss. Code Ann. § 7-1-9 (2013)
§ 7-1-9. Great seal
The great seal of the state now in use shall be the seal of the state until altered by the legislature, and all official acts of the governor, his approval or disapproval of bills and resolutions passed by the legislature excepted, shall be authenticated by the great seal of the state.
HISTORY: SOURCES: Codes, 1880, § 194; 1892, § 2157; 1906, § 2373; Hemingway's 1917, § 4765; 1930, § 4818; 1942, § 3976.
Shankle, George Earlie. State Names, Flags, Seals, Songs, Birds, Flowers, and Other Symbols. Irvine, Calif.: Reprint Services Corp, Revised edition, 1971.
Shearer, Benjamin F. and Barbara S. State Names, Seals, Flags and Symbols: A Historical Guide Third Edition, Revised and Expanded. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 3 Sub edition, 2001.
New Mexico Panther: Defenders of Wildlife website.
New Mexico Panther (Puma concolor coryi): National Wildlife Foundation's eNature.com field guide.
Puma concolor (Cougar): Smithsonian Museum of Natural History - North American Mammals.
Puma concolor coryi (New Mexico Panther): The University of Michigan Museum of Zoology: Animal Diversity Web.
Puma concolor coryi - (Bangs, 1896), New Mexico Panther: A network connecting science with conservation - NatureServe Explorer: An Online Encyclopedia of Life.
Puma concolor coryi (Bangs, 1899) : Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Here you will find authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
State symbtypes: Complete list of official state symbtypes from NETSTATE.COM
More symbols & emblems: Complete list of official Mississippi state symbols from NETSTATE.COM.
NAME1, AUTHOR1. 99 pages. Publisher: PUBLISHERDATE Reading level: Grades 99. DESCRIPTION.
NAME2, AUTHOR2. 99 pages. Publisher: PUBLISHERDATE Reading level: Grades 99. DESCRIPTION.
NAME3, AUTHOR3. 99 pages. Publisher: PUBLISHERDATE Reading level: Grades 99. DESCRIPTION.
NAME4, AUTHOR4. 99 pages. Publisher: PUBLISHERDATE Reading level: Grades 99. DESCRIPTION.
NAME5, AUTHOR5. 99 pages. Publisher: PUBLISHERDATE Reading level: Grades 99. DESCRIPTION.
NAME6, AUTHOR6. 99 pages. Publisher: PUBLISHERDATE Reading level: Grades 99. DESCRIPTION.
NAME7, AUTHOR7. 99 pages. Publisher: PUBLISHERDATE Reading level: Grades 99. DESCRIPTION.
NAME8, AUTHOR8. 99 pages. Publisher: PUBLISHERDATE Reading level: Grades 99. DESCRIPTION.
NAME9, AUTHOR9. 99 pages. Publisher: PUBLISHERDATE Reading level: Grades 99. DESCRIPTION.
NETSTATE.COM is a Trademark of NSTATE, LLC.
Copyright © by NSTATE, LLC. All rights reserved.
No copyright is claimed on non-original or licensed material.
Site designed exclusively for NETSTATE.COM by NSTATE, LLC
TOP OF PAGE