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North Carolina State Freshwater Trout

Southern Appalachian strain of brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis Adopted: September 13, 2005
North Carolina state Fish
State Fish: Southern Appalachian strain of brook trout
Courtesy: N.Y. Department of Conservation

According to the Information Services Branch of the State Library of North Carolina:

The Southern Appalachian Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is a genetically distinct species that is North Carolina's only native freshwater trout. Sometimes known as "specks" because of their unique spotted appearance, the Brook trout is a favorite of sport fishermen in the cold mountain streams of Western North Carolina, as well as in Tennessee, Arkansas, Georgia, South Carolina, and Kentucky.


North Carolina General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly. 2009. 13 March 2009

New York state Fish
New York State Fish: Brook Trout
Photograph: Eric Engbretson, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

Additional Information

Freshwater Trout, Southern Appalachian Brook Trout: State Library of North Carolina: Information Services Branch.

Brook Trout: North Carolina sport fish profile from the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources.

Brook Trout: Trout Unlimited Conserving, protecting and restoring North America's coldwater fisheries and their watersheds.

Salvelinus fontinalis (brook trout): University of Michgan Musuem of Zoology: Animal Diversity Web.

Salvelinus fontinalis: CalPhoto photographs. The Biodiversity Sciences Technology group (BSCIT), a part of the Berkeley Natural History Museums at the University of California, Berkeley.

Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill, 1814): Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2009.FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (01/2009).

Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill, 1814): Integrated Taxonomic Information System! Here you will find authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

State Fish: Complete list of official state fish.

More symbols & emblems: Complete list of official North Carolina state symbols.

Eastern Brook Trout Joint Venture
Eastern Brook Trout Joint Venture

Eastern Brook Trout Joint Venture: The nation's first pilot project under the National Fish Habitat Initiative, which directs locally-driven efforts that build private and public partnerships to improve fish habitat. The long-term goals of the EBTJV are to develop a comprehensive restoration and education strategy to improve aquatic habitat, to raise education awareness, and to raise federal, state and local funds for brook trout conservation.

Conserving the Eastern Brook Trout: December 2005 overview of status, threats and trends prepared by the Conservation Strategy Work Group and the Eastern Brook Trout Joint Venture.

Fishing: Fishing opportunities in North Carolina abound. Whether you are fishing for native brook trout in a cold mountain stream, lunker largemouth bass in a piedmont reservoir, brawny striped bass in a river or you just want to take your kids fishing in a local pond, our state's waters offer diverse angling opportunities for everyone - North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission.

North Carolina Trout Fishing: Part of the Game & Fish Network.

North Carolina Angler: Your online guide to fishing in North Carolina.

Fly-Fishing Guide to the Great Smoky Mountains
Fly-Fishing Guide
to the Great Smoky Mountains

by Don Kirk

Fly-Fishing Guide to the Great Smoky Mountains, by Don Kirk. 248 pages. Menasha Ridge Press; 1st edition (January 1, 1997) This landmark volume is an essential guide for anyone planning to fish the rivers, streams, and lakes in the Smokies - these fisheries are some of the greatest in the nation. For successful fly-fishing, this guide is as important as the right tackle.

Trout Streams of Southern Appalachia, by Jimmy Jacobs. 352 pages. Countryman; 2 edition (May 2001) When Trout Unlimited rated the 100 best trout streams in the United States, nine of its choices were in the southern Appalachians. In this updated second edition, veteran angler and writer Jimmy Jacobs takes you to these famous rivers and to many lesser-known waters in this five-state region.

Western North Carolina Fly Guide, by J.E.B. Hall. 192 pages. Brushy Mountain Publishing; 1.1 edition (2007) The Western North Carolina Fly Guide is the definitive guide to flyfishing for trout, bass, and musky on 76 wade and float stretches in Western North Carolina and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Conveniently divided into 7 regions, the guide provides a description, regulations, when and what to fish info, detailed driving directions, and photos of every reach. 21 scale maps and an appendix packed with tables on regulations, available species, fly selection, and hatches.

Brook Trout
Brook Trout
by Nick Karas

Brook Trout, by Nick Karas. 388 pages. The Lyons Press; 1st edition (November 2002) The much maligned brook trout gets star billing in this encyclopedic, readable study of Salvelinus fontinalis from Newsday outdoor columnist Karas.

The Brook Trout and the Determined Angler, By Charles Barker Bradford. 88 pages. Read Country Books (June 1, 2005) First published in the U.S.A. in 1900. The author was a well known fisherman and a prolific sporting writer who contributed many articles to the American field sports press of that era. This book is a collection of some of the best of these. Illustrated by full page black and white illustrations and photos and a number of small pen and ink sketches.

Brook Trout Canvas

Canvas Print, The Brook Trout, by George Sheringham. (Showing Brilliant or Breeding Season Coloration) - 30" x 20" Canvas Print stretched over wood frame.

Trout and Salmon of North America
Trout and Salmon of North America
by Robert J. Behnke

Trout and Salmon of North America, by Robert J. Behnke. 384 pages. Free Press (September 24, 2002) Behnke, professor emeritus of fishery and wildlife biology at Colorado State University, has brought his more than 50 years of studying, and fishing for salmon and trout, to wonderful effect. He provides readers with an authoritative compendium of the evolution, biology, ecology, habitats and behaviors of these prized game fish. A capsule legend that includes scientific name, other common names, habitat, size, life span and diet accompanies each entry, amazingly illustrated by Tomelleri, whose fish seem to shimmer on the pages. Habitat maps, which include coastal waters, rivers, streams and lakes, are detailed and specific enough to be taken on fishing excursions. The book includes a good deal of fishing lore, as in the notations that describe the best flies, bait and lures for specific types of fish and locales.

About Trout: The Best of Robert Behnke from Trout Magazine, by Robert J. Behnke. 272 pages. The Lyons Press (September 1, 2007) Behnke brings scientific expertise, a sense of humor and a flair for drama to this collection of 43 essays previously published as his About Trout column in conservation organization Trout Unlimited's Trout magazine. Behnke considers the evolution, historic and current distribution, biological characteristics and defining physical traits of various species of trout and salmon-from the common brown trout and well-known Atlantic salmon to the rare Apache trout and the once-presumed extinct, now-endangered Alvord cutthroat trout.

Trout Rigs & Methods
Trout Rigs & Methods
by Dave Hughes

Trout, by Ray Bergman. 576 pages. The Derrydale Press (October 25, 2000) Trout is arguably the finest single volume ever produced on how, why, and where to catch trout. In spite of being originally published in 1938 (Penn Publishing Company), it remains utterly relevant.

Trout Rigs & Methods, by Dave Hughes. 322 pages. Stackpole Books (January 10, 2007) Clear and simple instruction and explanation describes 18 trout rigs and 81 methods to fish them. In moving water: rigs and methods for dry flies and emergers, nymphs, wet flies, streamers, and dry flies and droppers. In stillwater: dry flies and sunk flies.Fly fishers learn the specifics of the rig--types of fly line, lengths and tapers of leader and tippet, the flies, and split shot, putty weight, strike indicators, droppers, point flies, and indicators--and the full array of methods to present the rig to the trout.

Essential Trout Flies, by Dave Hughes. 92 pages. Stackpole Books (April 2000) A core list of flies that will catch trout anywhere, in every season, this collection includes the most important patterns in a wide range of styles, from dry flies to streamers. The tying steps for each pattern are illustrated in step-by-step photos with detailed captions, followed by photos and recipes for the six most useful variations-217 patterns in all. Each chapter features a description of the insect the pattern imitates as well as expert information on how and when to fish the fly.

Trout & Salmon, [ Magazine Subscription ] Features, news on all aspects of game fishing.

Complete line of fishing equipment including rods, reels, rod and reel combinations, fly fishing gear, bait and spin casting rods and reels, ice fishing equipment, lures and flies, and other accessories. All major brands.