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North Carolina Almanac

The North Carolina Almanac presents a general overview of the State of North Carolina.

Category Information


The United States Census Bureau, July 10, 2001.
North Carolina. N-O, Vol. 14. Chicago: World Book, Inc., 1988. 478. Print.
Carpenter, Alan, and Carl Provorse. The World Almanac of the U.S.A.. Mahwah: World Almanac Books, 1996. Print.

Admitted to Union November 21, 1789
Capital Raleigh, [ Find out more... ]
Nickname Tar Heel State, Old North State, Land of the Sky, [ Find out more... ]
Motto Esse Quam Videri, [ Find out more... ]
Total area including land and water 53,821 square miles Rank among states 28th
Land area 48,708 square miles Rank among states 17th
Water area 5,103 square miles Rank among states 10th
Greatest distance East to West 499 miles
Greatest distance North to South 188 miles
Highest point 6,684 feet (Mount Mitchell) Rank among states 16th
Lowest point Sea level (Atlantic Ocean) Rank among states 3rd
Mean elevation 700 feet Rank among states 35th
Highest recorded temperature 110 degrees on August 21, 1983 at Fayetteville
Lowest recorded temperature -34 degrees on January 25, 1985 on Mount Mitchell
Highest monthly average temperature 88.3 degrees Rank among states 23rd
Lowest monthly average temperature 27.3 degrees Rank among states 39th
Average yearly precipitation (rain & snow) 50 inches Rank among states  
(U.S. Census, April, 2000)
8,049,313 Rank among states 11th
Population per square mile
(Population/Land area)
165.26 Rank among states 17th
Ten largest cities by population
State Capital in red
(U.S. Census, April, 2000)

1. Charlotte 540,828 6. Fayetteville 121,015
2. Raleigh 276,093 7. Cary 94,536
3. Greensboro 223,891 8. High Point 85,839
4. Durham 187,035 9. Wilmington 75,838
5. Winston-Salem 185,776 10. Asheville 68,889
Median age 33.1
Average lifetime (1979-1981) 72.96 Rank among states 42nd
Total crimes reported per 100,000 people (1992-1993) 5,652.3 Rank among states 15th
Violent crimes reported per 100,000 people 679.3 Rank among states 21st
Property crimes reported per 100,000 people 4,973.0 Rank among states 14th
Per capita income (2000)
Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce
$26,882 Rank among states 31st
Disposable per capita personal income (income minus taxes) (2000)
Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce
$23,002 Rank among states 33rd
Median household income (1993) $28,820 Rank among states 32nd

Additional Information

Encyclopedia of North Carolina

Encyclopedia of North Carolina, edited By William S. Powell, Jay Mazzocchi, Associate Editor. 1328 pages. Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press (October 25, 2006)

The first single-volume reference to the events, institutions, and cultural forces that have defined the state, the Encyclopedia of North Carolina is a landmark publication that will serve those who love and live in North Carolina for generations to come. Editor William S. Powell, whom the Raleigh News & Observer described as a "living repository of information on all things North Carolinian," spent fifteen years developing this volume. With contributions by more than 550 volunteer writers--including scholars, librarians, journalists, and many others--it is a true "people's encyclopedia" of North Carolina.

The volume includes more than 2,000 entries, presented alphabetically, consisting of longer essays on major subjects, briefer entries, and short summaries and definitions. Most entries include suggestions for further reading.

An informative and engaging compendium, the Encyclopedia of North Carolina is abundantly illustrated with 400 photographs and maps.

The North Carolina Gazetteer: A Dictionary of Tar Heel Places and Their History

The North Carolina Gazetteer: A Dictionary of Tar Heel Places and Their History, by William S. Powell and Michael Hill. 608 pages. Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press; 2 edition (April 21, 2010)

The North Carolina Gazetteer first appeared to wide acclaim in 1968 and has remained an essential reference for anyone with a serious interest in the Tar Heel State, from historians to journalists, from creative writers to urban planners, from backpackers to armchair travelers.

This revised and expanded edition adds approximately 1,200 new entries, bringing to nearly 21,000 the number of North Carolina cities, towns, crossroads, waterways, mountains, and other places identified here. The stories attached to place names are at the core of the book and the reason why it has stood the test of time.

Telling us much about our own history in these snapshot histories of particular locales, The North Carolina Gazetteer provides an engaging, authoritative, and fully updated reference to place names from all corners of the Tar Heel State.

Visit the NETSTATE North Carolina State Book Store for additional North Carolina related books, including North Carolina Reference Books, History, Biographies and Cookbooks.

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