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Pennsylvania Almanac

The Pennsylvania Almanac presents a general overview of the State of Pennsylvania.

Category Information

Sources...

The United States Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/, July 10, 2001.
Pennsylvania. P, Vol. 15. Chicago: World Book, Inc., 1988. 246. Print.
Carpenter, Alan, and Carl Provorse. The World Almanac of the U.S.A.. Mahwah: World Almanac Books, 1996. Print.

Admitted to Union December 12, 1787
Capital Harrisburg, [ Find out more... ]
Nickname Keystone State, [ Find out more... ]
Motto Virtue, Liberty and Independence, [ Find out more... ]
Total area including land and water 46,058 square miles Rank among states 33rd
Land area 44,820 square miles Rank among states 32nd
Water area 1,239 square miles Rank among states 28th
Greatest distance East to West 306 miles
Greatest distance North to South 175 miles
Highest point 3,213 feet (Mount Davis) Rank among states 33rd
Lowest point Sea level (Delaware River) Rank among states 3rd
Mean elevation 1,100 feet Rank among states 23rd
Highest recorded temperature 111 degrees on July 10, 1936 at Phoenixville
Lowest recorded temperature -42 degrees on January 5, 1904 at Smethport
Highest monthly average temperature 86.2 degrees Rank among states 32nd
Lowest monthly average temperature 18.0 degrees Rank among states 23rd
Average yearly precipitation (rain & snow) 41 inches Rank among states  
Population
(U.S. Census, April, 2000)
12,281,054 Rank among states 6th
Population per square mile
(Population/Land area)
274.01 Rank among states 10th
Ten largest cities by population
(U.S. Census, April, 2000)

1. Philadelphia 1,517,550 6. Reading 81,207
2. Pittsburgh 334,563 7. Scranton 76,415
3. Allentown 106,632 8. Bethlehem 71,329
4. Erie 103,717 9. Lower Merion 59,850
5. Upper Darby 81,821 10. Bensalem 58,434
Median age 35
Average lifetime (1979-1981) 73.58 Rank among states 33rd
Total crimes reported per 100,000 people (1992-1993) 3,271.4 Rank among states 45th
Violent crimes reported per 100,000 people 417.5 Rank among states 34th
Property crimes reported per 100,000 people 2,853.9 Rank among states 46th
Per capita income (2000)
Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce
$29,504 Rank among states 16th
Disposable per capita personal income (income minus taxes) (2000)
Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce
$25,164 Rank among states 16th
Median household income (1993) $30,995 Rank among states 37th

Additional Information

Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania

Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania, by Nancy Capace. Two volumes, 856 pages. Publisher: Somerset Publishers, Inc.; 3rd edition (April 4, 2007)

This two volume set is the definitive reference on the state of Pennsylvania. Major sections include State symbols, Geography, State History, Chronology of Events, Profiles of Governors, Pennsylvania Dictionary of Places, Directory fo State Services, Pennsylvania Constitution, Pennsylvania Historic Places, Bibliography and Illustrations.

Visit the NETSTATE Pennsylvania State Book Store for additional Pennsylvania related books, including Pennsylvania Reference Books, History, Biographies and Cookbooks.

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